|SAFETY SEAL||DRAIN PROTECTOR ||CONTAINMENT BOOM||ORDER|
Table of Contents
We know, based on multiple independent studies, that ENVIRO - BOND polymers are the highest quality products of their kind available in the world today. We strictly adhere to the principle that quality is never an accident. ENVIRO - BOND products reflect years of research and skillful development designed to exceed present day standards. Other spill products do not possess the innovative technology of ENVIRO - BOND and are truly not well designed, developed or researched, simply well marketed.
When evaluating ENVIRO - BOND on a price basis, it is important to remember that any other product on the market that even comes close to offering the overall benefits and effectiveness of ENVIRO - BOND will require at least four (4) or more times the amount of material to effectively encapsulate and solidify the same quantity of spilled hydrocarbon. Since you will need to use much less ENVIRO - BOND, you will need to buy, handle and store much less sorbent product than with other products. As the amount of waste generated is significantly reduced, you will also haul, handle and dispose of much less waste mass than before. These factors combined with quick, effective and complete spill control/cleanup and tremendous labor reductions make ENVIRO - BOND an extremely cost effective cleanup product.
In addition to those benefits already discussed, ENVIRO - BOND polymers possess the unique ability to surpress the vapors of the encapsulated hydrocarbons. Furthermore, most products on the market will leach the product that they have absorbed back into the earth, ENVIRO - BOND will never release the encapsulated hydrocarbons.
It is also important to emphasize that ENVIRO - BOND 403 is hydrocarbon specific, i.e. it will only absorb and molecularly bond with the spilled hydrocarbon while repelling any water. Any uncontaminated polymer can be recaptured and reused, adding further to the cost benefits of the product.
We hope you will consider ENVIRO - BOND polymers for your remediation needs.
ADVANTAGES OF USING ENVIRO - BOND POLYMERS
ENVIRO - BOND 400 SERIES (HYDROCARBON) POLYMERS
ENVIRO - BOND 300 (AQUEOUS SOLUTION) SERIES POLYMERS
Assure a pro-active profile and be ready to clean-up your hydrocarbon spills effectively and efficiently the first time - Stock ENVIRO - BOND
*NOTICE: Due to a wide range of liquids that ENVIRO - BOND 403 can absorb, Lakefront Enterprises cannot recommend specific disposal methods. Used ENVIRO - BOND products must be disposed of in accordance with local, state and federal regulations. Please refer to the material safety data sheet on this product for additional information.
|Q.||WHAT IS 80% REDUCTION IN FLAMMABILITY?|
|A.||Flammability is directly related to off-gassing. The off-gassing is reduced with fraction of the fuel is being trapped within the polymer structure. The flash point remains the same with a much slower burn rate because the aromatic fraction is released.|
|Q.||WHAT IS THE FLASHPOINT OF 403 AFTER ENCAPSULATION?|
|A.||That is totally dependent on what it has stabilized. The flashpoint is not changed. It will remain the same as the fuel source.|
|Q.||WHAT IS THE RATE OF BURN OF RAW 403?|
|A.||That has not been determined. However, it is very difficult to ignite. It will burn. Refer to the M.S.D.S. for fumes emissions.|
|Q.||WHAT IS THE BTU VALUE OF 403?|
|A.||The BTU value is 18,602.|
|Q.||WHAT IS THE ASH CONTENT OF 403?|
|A.||Laboratory tests show no ash.|
|Q.||WHAT LIQUIDS CAN 403 ENCAPSULATE?|
|A.||This polymer is designed to molecularly bond the liquid organic hydrocarbons or a paraphenic and napthenic matrix. This will not work on water soluble hydrocarbons such as acetone, naphtha, glycols, etc.|
|Q.||WHAT EFFECTS DO TEMPERATURE CHANGES HAVE ON THE BONDING TIMES AND CAPACITY OF 403?|
|A.||It is slowed with lower temperature because of the immobility of the
material structure of the hydrocarbons.
|Materials Tested||Species||LC50 (PPM)|
|ENVIRO - BOND 403||Fundulas heteroclitus||100,000ppm 96hr|
|Artemia Salina||100,000ppm 48hr|
|#2 Fuel Oil
|Fundulas heteroclitus||2,400ppm 96hr|
|Artemia Salina||20ppm 48hr|
|Enviro-Bond 403 and
#2 Fuel Oil
|Fundulas heteroclitus||2,400ppm 96hr|
|Artemia Salina||20ppm 48hr|
MICROBIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS (BIOLOGICAL ADDITIVES)
Not applicable to EPA guidelines-requirements.
ANALYSIS FOR HEAVY METALS AND CHLORINATED HYDROCARBONS
A recent comparison between ENVIRO - BOND 403 and another nationally known brand was made.
|FACTS:||A 75 gallon spill. The absorbent ratios and the amount of product in each boom (sock) for each brand was factored.|
|RESULTS:||To effectively encapsulate and solidify the 75 gallons, only eight (8) 3" X 10' ENVIRO - BOND booms were used. To sponge up the same 75 gallons, forty one (41) of the competitors 3" X 10' socks were needed.|
ENVIRO - BOND : Generates less than 1/2 cubic yard.
OTHER BRANDS : Over 2 1/2 cubic yards - 5 times the waste
ENVIRO - BOND 403 DEMONSTRATION
To test ENVIRO - BOND 403's encapsulating ability, fill a cup 3/4 full
of water. Float approximately 1/8" to 1/4" layer of Marvel Mystery Oil
( or any other available liquid organic hydrocarbon on top.
Sprinkle just enough ENVIRO - BOND 403 on top of the "oil spill" so that the top particles remain white. ENVIRO - BOND 403 starts encapsulating immediately upon contact with the hydrocarbon. In about five minutes, you will be able to remove the solidified "spill".
Please note two important factors:
|5581 Rapid City Road NW||Revision Date: 10/20/96|
|Rapid City, MI 49676||Emergency Phone: 616-258-0400|
|Boiling Point||: N/A|
|Vapor Pressure (mm-mg)||: N/A|
|Vapor Pressure (air = 1)||: N/A|
|Specific Gravity (water = 1)||: .91|
|Solubility in Water||: Insoluble|
|Evaporation Rate||: N/A|
|Appearance and Odor||: Solid, generally in a white powder form, essentially odorless|
|Flash Point||: N/A|
|Flammable Limits||: N/A|
|Extinguishing Media||: Water fog, foam, dry chemical|
|Special Fire Fighting||: Cool exposed containers, Avoid exposure to products of thermal decomposition, wear positive pressure breathing apparatus and bunker gear. Material will not burn unless preheated.|
|Unusual Fire and Explosion Hazards||: None Known|
|Stability||: Stable (x) Unstable ( )|
|Conditions to avoid||: Extreme heat, Open flame|
|Incompatibility (to avoid)||: Strong oxidizers|
|Hazardous Decomposition Products||: Co, Co-2 may produce Acrolein, acids, ketones aldehydes. Treat combustion products as toxic.|
|Hazardous Polymerization||: May occur ( ) Will not occur (x)|
|Conditions to Avoid||: N/A|
|Route(s) of entry||: Inhalation ( ) Skin ( ) Ingestion (X)|
|Health Hazards (acute & chronic)||: Available data and experience show potential for slight irritation to eyes. Slight oral toxicity.|
|Signs and Symptoms of exposure||: Product may be slightly irritating to eyes. Oral toxicity is low. Decomposition may produce toxic/ irritating gases or fumes (see hazardous decomposition or by-products)|
|Medical Conditions generally||: Preexisting eye, skin and respiratory disorders aggravated by exposure may be aggravated by product.|
|Emergency & First Aid Procedures||: Eye Contact - Flush eyes with water if irritation occurs, consult a physician. Burns - Treat as for ordinary burns.|
|Steps to be taken in case material||: Recover solid with broom, shovel or vacuum. is released or spilled Avoid generating dust clouds. Put recovered material in containers for reclamation or disposal|
|Waste Disposal Method||: Follow federal, state and local regulations. When used as an absorbent, follow regulations for absorbed material.|
|Precautions to be taken in Handling||: Product can accumulate static charges when and Storing handled. Avoid clouding dust conditions.|
|Other Precautions||: Avoid breathing vapors from heated product.|
|Respiratory Protection||: Normally not required. Use NIOSHA approved SCBA if product is heated or involved in a fire.|
|Ventilation||: Local exhaust - No special requirements|
|: Special - N/A|
|: Mechanical (general) - no special requirements|
|: Other - N/A|
|Protective Clothing||: Protective gloves - Not required|
|: Eye protection - Safety glasses or goggles.|
|Other Protective Clothing||: None required.|
|Work & Hygienic Practices||: Wash with soap and water after prolonged contact|
THE REASON FOR THE RESEARCH & HISTORY
With the emerging environmental issues picking up steam in the 80's and the panic pursuit to come up with waste management programs to meet the unfolding regulations, the direction was clear. Achieve the highest level of stabilization with the least amount of ad mixture and do it cost effectively.
The research began in early 1986 after reviewing many methods that were being employed and not seeming to solve the problems. Everything was winding up in landfills unstabilized with huge volumes being generated. Landfills were filling up and developing problems, while increasing the liability to the generator. Absorbent products were coming on market at a rapid rate (such as sawdust modified clays, spun fabric, corncobs, peat moss, etc.) These products allow a generator to remediate one area but created a landfill problem. Even though a federal directive land-banned these, they are still used widely, disguised as sanitary garbage and landfilled. Many companies have tried stabilizing land-banned waste without the ultimate success, and which has only increased the principal polluted masses in volume by 300 - 400 %. The solution to pollution is no longer dilution but is finding the answer.
During the time from 1986 to 1990, we had researched three different polymer structures with moderate results. During that period of time, our main focus research was done on drilling fluids and aqueous stabilization. In the summer of 1990, an intensive research was launched. It was discovered that the polymers reacted differently with different hydrocarbons and with different timeframes. Since the hydrocarbons source would consist of three basic components - Parafinics, naptinics, aromatics and fractions thereof, the fractions of hydrocarbons may be water soluble and non-water soluble. The water Soluble hydrocarbon structures will require a polymer structure very different from that which will bond and stabilize non-water solubles. These polymer structures for the water solubles will be discussed in a separate communication. The principal polymers of this discussion will be those that bond and stabilize non-water soluble hydrocarbons (crude oil, diesel and gasoline). After the testing of many polymer structures and determining the results, we then filed for patent covering the methods of stabilization of hydrocarbons.
WHAT IS A POLYMER ?
A polymer is the bonding together of molecular structures of various molecular wts. or substances having the same molecular wt. to achieve the molecular wt. and structure for a useful function and purpose. The society that we know today would not exist without polymers. Products such as Saran Wrap, Tupperware, plastics used on telephones, computers, etc. are polymers.
Polymers are substances that may consist of large macromolecules, are made up of repeating units. The molecular sub-units that are used to synthesize polymers are called monomers and reactions by which monomers are joined together is called polymerization.
TESTING THE POLYMERS
Before we could market the polymers for spill response, we decided to have one formulation tested under E.P.A. guideline 40 CFR 300, subpart J of the national spill contingency plan. A trade name for the product has been registered and identified as ENVIRO - BOND. The hydrocarbon stabilizing polymer will be identified by 400 series.
The test results are supplied as a part of this paper; however only the results will be discussed. The tests were done covering two species and heavy metals.
TEST RESULTS WITH BONDED DIESEL FUEL
In 1990 an agreement was reached with the New Mexico State University for a research project using polymer. The research was done under the direction of Dr. Hernandez, who was a former deputy director of EPA and is currently Professor of Civil Engineering. The study was done under a grant from the Department of Energy. A master's thesis was generated as result of that study. The entire master's thesis is not a part of this paper, however, some of the results are. The focus of the study was directed to under ground storage tanks (UST's - please see page #21 for Off-Gas Test comments). Three test results are part of this paper. This polymer technology is now a part of a study at the University of Texas and Southwestern Texas University which is being funded by the Advanced Technology Program of Texas. Research is also continuing at the New Mexico State University and Millsaps College Sorbent Lab. It has been submitted to Texas A & M, and to Corpus Christi State University for further tests. This research includes studies of the half-life of the polymer and soil mixture capabilities for best barrier resistant material.
SELECTING THE RIGHT POLYMER AND DISPOSAL
The polymer structures formulated and tested are of the highest quality and consequently the most expensive. Reference the Valdez: the amount of polymer required to stabilized the entire loss would have cost only $300,000,000.00. The entire mass would have been converted to a solid. The shore lines would not have been contaminated and the mass would have been retrieved in solid form, safely stored and made available to a fuels program.
It is estimated that more hydrocarbons were spilled on the ground in Michigan and Ohio in 1991 than was lost in the Valdez spill.
Michigan is unique in that it is surrounded with 25% of the world's fresh water supply and 95% of the entire United States supply. We have a responsibility to protect all fresh water supplies, even where it is not so abundant. Selecting the polymer structure plays a major role in protecting the environment from spilled or leaked hydrocarbons.
POLYMER VS. HYDROCARBON STRUCTURES
In our research, we determined the effective polymer structures in addressing three common hydrocarbons, crude oil, diesel fuel and gasoline. Our research polymers consist of some 31 different structures with 12 different backbone structures.
This research began to be introduced into the oil and gas industry, so it would have responsible products at it's disposal and to provide effective products to clean up accidental spills, leaks and drips. These products are now finding their way into many other market segments: Industrial, Commercial, Shipping, Boating, Airports, Fuel Centers and Trucking. These products have already begun replacing the absorbents, clays, saw dust, peat moss and other mixtures.
We fully endorse other responsive research that is beneficial to the protection and enhancement of the environment. We do not believe that any one company has all the answers.
The Off-Gas Test
The off-gas testing phase of this project went well. The results of the BTEX off-gas analysis are presented in Figures 4.14-4.17 of the formal New Mexico State Study. These figures show rates of BTEX off-gassing as nanograms per microliter per hour (ng/(\/hour) versus time. Time is expressed as the age of a gelled sample, at the time of its sampling, in days.
The overall trend of the data indicates a continual decline, and/or a leveling off, in the rates of BTEX off-gassing from individual polymer-diesel fuel gelled masses. Again the concept of an improved gelled mass condition occurring with time has been demonstrated.
While the owners of USTs have discretion over choosing to close and remove or just to close a UST which is no longer suitable for service, a UST must be cleaned inside prior to either option. In order to clean the inside of a tank, a person is usually required to enter the tank. Accumulated gases within a UST could be reduced prior to human entry with the use of gelling agents and adequate ventilation.
Currently the cleaning of USTs is done in several ways. Steam and detergent cleaning is one method. This process produces contaminated water which must be treated to remove hydrocarbon contaminants. If the sludges within USTs were gelled with polymers, the internal tank cleanup may be less of a problem. Gelled materials could be scraped up or shoveled out of the UST. Off- gasses in the restricted environment would be reduced, providing a better work environment which could have a positive effect on project liability costs.
ENVIRO - BOND 300
QUESTIONS & ANSWERS
ENVIRO - BOND 300
|Q.||WHAT IS THE 1/2 LIFE OF ENVIRO-BOND 300?|
|Q.||WHAT LIQUIDS CAN 300 ENCAPSULATE?|
|A.||Virtually all aqueous liquids which would include water soluble hydrocarbons, acids, caustics, anti-freeze (glycol), methanol, bodily fluids, etc. It will have a slower reaction with saltwater and a much lower absorption capacity. Any solution that contains electrolytes will affect the absorption rate and capacity.|
|Q.||WHAT EFFECTS DO TEMPERATURE CHANGES HAVE ON THE BONDING RATES OF 300?|
|A.||Relatively none. It is a little slower in colder liquids and faster in hot solutions.|
ENVIRO - BOND 300
ENVIRO - BOND 300 Encapsulates aqueous solutions, liquids such as water, acids, caustics, bases, bodily fluids and water soluble hydrocarbons such as engine coolant (glycol) and methanol.
ENVIRO - BOND 300 is easy to apply. Just sprinkle onto the spill or pour into the mass of liquid. It starts working immediately and depending on the liquid that you are absorbing and the temperature of that liquid, it works in just a few minutes.
Not only is ENVIRO - BOND 300 quick, it is cost effective, not only because of the variety of the products it absorbs, but because of it's high absorbency rates, 300 to 1 ratio by weight of deionized water in laboratory testing - a rate much higher than many other absorbents on the market. ENVIRO - BOND 300 comes in the form of small, clear, dry crystals and is available in two grinds: fine for spills and accidents, and coarse for stabilizing large masses of liquids such as 55 gallon drums, etc.
FOLLOW THESE DIRECTIONS TO DEMONSTRATE YOUR OWN "SPILL"
ENVIRO - BOND 300 F (FINE GRAIN):
Pour 8 oz. water into a small pan. Broadcast between one and two teaspoons of the ENVIRO - BOND 300 "F" over the surface of the water. In less than a minute, the entire "spill" will be solidified. This grind is especially effective on a smaller spill situation.
ENVIRO - BOND 300 C (COARSE GRAIN):
Fill an 8 oz. glass approximately 3/4 full with water. Pour approximately one teaspoon of the ENVIRO - BOND 300 "C" into the glass of water. After six to seven minutes, the entire glass of water will be solidified. The coarser grind should be used to solidify a mass or volume of contained liquid and is especially effective on large volume spills.
|5581 Rapid City Road NW||Revision Date: 10/20/96|
|Rapid City, MI 49676||Emergency Phone (231)258-0400|
|Health and First Aid Statements:|
|Nature of Hazard||: This product had been determined to be non-hazardous in accordance with 29CFR 1910.1200. However, as with any chemical, this product should be handled with good industrial hygiene, and safety practices as set forth in this material safety data sheet.|
|Primary Routes of Entry||: Ingestion, Inhalation|
|Effects of Over Exposure||: (signs and symptoms of exposure) N/A|
|Emergency and First Aid Procedures||: Eye Contact: If splashed into eyes, flush with clear clean water to remove product|
|Ingestion||: If ingested, give emetic and seek medical advice.|
|Hazardous Ingredients (concentrations of 1% or greater):|
|Cas Number||: N/A|
|Exposure Limit||: None|
|OSHA PEL||: None|
|MFGRS recommended||: None|
|Carcinogenicity Determination by NPT, IARC, OSHA||: None|
|Fire and Explosion Hazard||: Very low risk|
|Flash Point||: N/A|
|Extinguishing Media and Special Fire Fighting Procedures||: Carbon dioxide, dry chemical, foam|
|Materials to Avoid||: Avoid contact with strong oxidants|
|Stability||: This product is stable and will not react violently with water. Hazardous polymerization will not occur.|
|Physical Properties||: Density is 0.8 g/cc.|
|Eye Protection||: Use splash goggles or face shield when eye contact may occur.|
|Skin Protection||: Use gloves, if needed, to avoid prolonged or repeated skin contact.|
|Respiratory Protection||: Normally not needed, but use dust mask if needed to prevent inhalation of airborne particles.|
|Ventilation||: Provide adequate ventilation to minimize dust inhalation.|
|Minimize Breathing Dust||: Avoid prolonged or repeated breathing of dust and contact with skin. Remove contaminated clothing, launder or dry- clean before reuse. Cleanse skin thoroughly after contact, before breaks, and meals, and at end of work period. Product is readily removed from skin by washing with soap and water.|
|Precautionary Statements||: Dust generated in handling of this product can be explosive if sufficient quantities are mixed with air, in which case ignition sources should be avoided. Product may create a slip hazard when mixed with water. Spills should be dealt with immediately.|
|Spills/Leaks||: Spills of dry product present a slip hazard when wet and should be
cleaned up immediately. Do not wet spills of dry product. Sweep up dry
and flush spill area with water. Spills of dilute solutions may be absorbed
with an inert material such as earth or speedi- dry and contained for disposal.
|DRAIN PROTECTOR ||HYDROWRAP ||POXPLUG ||ORDER|
LAKEFRONT ENTERPRISES, INC.
P.O. Box 573, North Hampton, NH 03862
Tel: (603) 964-2740 Fax: (603) 964-2739